There are a number of clear divisions in the field of eco accommodation when it comes to building and construction. There is a division are between accommodation that is in rural or non urban environments and the other accommodation which is sited within in towns or cities. The second division is between those eco accommodations which were designed with the environment in mind and those that pre-date the concept of "green construction practises". And those that have been designed and constructed with their impact on the environment carefully considered.
Eco hotels in the vast majority of cases fall into a category of being located within an urban area and being built in a period prior to modern environmental architecture, materials and techniques. This gives eco hotels a very different set up in comparison to eco resorts and lodge which have often been specifically designed and constructed to be environmentally friendly. Also materials used differ hugely between the world of the eco resort and the eco hotel. The resort is often constructed from locally sourced renewable woods and materials where as an eco hotel in an urban environment would have to probably have to used reclaimed building building materials in order to use locally sourced materials, where as an eco hotel may be refitted or maintained using new materials that have been manufactured using So there are many differences. But there can also be common ground. In both cases the best practises of ethical construction include the use of local crafts and tradesmen.
What does the often looking more closely at the suppliers and contractors, particularly in relationship to their carbon footprint and materials that use in construction. Eco hotels will often also look at the treatment that the contractors will use in recycling of materials and using new materials that have been manufactured from recycled materials.
For example new eco resorts and lodges can be designed to blend into into their surroundings and the options for their construction maybe quite varied in terms of, in contrast almost every an eco hotel is a pre-existing building which was fitted with appliances which were never designed with efficiency in mind and of toxic materials within the building itself.
The problem facing many hotels it is that they we constructed before the concept of an eco hotel could even have been envisaged. So in many cases they must "retro-fit" a cool sounding term which basically means refitting something which should have been included in the initial construction and execution. A rare example of an eco hotel is the The Scarlet Hotel which is an example of a hotel that has started from scratch and has been built with the environment in mind.
The construction of any building tends to be a resource intensive activity so trying to minimise the impact of the work itself, is important. For example local materials should be used not only from a CSR perspective of investing back in the local community and fabric of commerce, but also so that the hotels construction carbon footprint is hugely reduced.
Construction and Maintenance environmental policies can vary from one hotel to another. But these are some of the elements that are present to a greater or lesser degree in all of them: The use of eco-friendly construction materials wherever possible. Preference given to local suppliers which specialised skills relating to working with eco-friendly building materials. Using companies which can tangibly demonstrate their own commitment to the environment. Particularly in the case of wood, but also in the case of other materials the ability to trace materials to their source of production to ensure they were produced in ethical and non-exploitative conditions. Waste management schemes to be adopted specifically in relation to every element of the construction. The fitting materials that are energy efficient, for example insulation which is efficiently retains heat. Excluding the use of toxic chemicals from the work. As well as trying to recycle existing building materials into the new construction or renovation if at all possible.